One of the earliest members of the Acanthaceae family, the Justicia adhatoda is the tallest amongst them and can grow up to 4 m. Treated as a greenhouse plant in England, the plant was first discovered in India. It has lime-coloured flowers and large, attractive shiny leaves. Growing best in shaded and semi-shaded areas, it has a nice domed shape and provides a backdrop for lower plants. The plant is susceptible to phytophthora root rot, a condition that can cause it to drop dead overnight. It requires a moist, well-drained soil to grow with reasonable fertility. The plant can withstand some amount of drought. The Justicia adhatoda is highly regarded in Ayurvedic medicine. In homeopathic medicine, the Justicia is known as Mother Tincture.
Used extensively in traditional Indian medicine, the roots, flowers and leaves are administered to treat respiratory disorders such as bronchitis and asthma. In fact, it is used to treat all types of lung disorders and infections and soothes irritated throats.
It can control both internal and external bleeding of peptic ulcers, bleeding gums etc.
They contain anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and have the capability to heal wounds
Also known as adhatoda vasica in Ayurvedic medicine, it can cure multiple disorders such as:
(b). Heart troubles
(c). Blood disorders
(e). Loss of memory
(i). Sore eyes
(l). Mouth troubles
It is also an anti-spasmodic and has blood purifying qualities
The juice of the herbs can cure diarrhoea and dysentery
The following active constituents are responsible for the plant’s therapeutic properties:
Vasicinone and Vasicinolone
The extract of the Malabar nut has a soothing effect on the skin and can cure several diseases of the scalp. Its juice is actually an effective poultice.